Bibliothèque de Philosophie Comparée

Mise en ligne 17 juillet 2005


Extrait du Code d’Honneur de la BYU :



From : Brigham Young University, Provo, USA.


BYU students should seek to be totally honest in their dealings with others. They should complete their own work and be evaluated based upon that work. They should avoid academic dishonesty and misconduct in all its forms, including but not limited to plagiarism, fabrication or falsification, cheating, and other academic misconduct: 


Intentional plagiarism is a form of intellectual theft that violates widely recognized principles of academic integrity as well as the Honor Code. Such plagiarism may subject the student to appropriate disciplinary action administered through the university Honor Code Office, in addition to academic sanctions that may be applied by an instructor. Inadvertent plagiarism, whereas not in violation of the Honor Code, is nevertheless a form of intellectual carelessness that is unacceptable in the academic community. Plagiarism of any kind is completely contrary to the established practices of higher education, where all members of the university are expected to acknowledge the original intellectual work of others that is included in one's own work. In some cases, plagiarism may also involve violations of copyright law. 

Intentional Plagiarism. Intentional plagiarism is the deliberate act of representing the words, ideas, or data of another as one's own without providing proper attribution to the author through quotation, reference, or footnote

Inadvertent Plagiarism. Inadvertent plagiarism involves the inappropriate, but nondeliberate, use of another's words, ideas, or data without proper attribution. Inadvertent plagiarism usually results from an ignorant failure to follow established rules for documenting sources or from simply being insufficiently careful in research and writing. Although not a violation of the Honor Code, inadvertent plagiarism is a form of academic misconduct for which an instructor can impose appropriate academic sanctions. Students who are in doubt as to whether they are providing proper attribution have the responsibility to consult with their instructor and obtain guidance. 

Examples of plagiarism include: 

Direct Plagiarism. The verbatim copying of an original source without acknowledging the source. 

Paraphrased Plagiarism. The paraphrasing, without acknowledgment, of ideas from another that the reader might mistake for your own. 

Plagiarism Mosaic. The borrowing of words, ideas, or data from an original source and blending this original material with one's own without acknowledging the source

Insufficient Acknowledgment. The partial or incomplete attribution of words, ideas, or data from an original source

Plagiarism may occur with respect to unpublished as well as published material. Acts of copying another student's work and submitting it as one's own individual work without proper attribution is a serious form of plagiarism. 

Fabrication or Falsification

Fabrication or falsification is a form of dishonesty where a student invents or distorts the origin or content of information used as authority. Examples include: 

  1. Citing a source that does not exist.
  2. Attributing to a source ideas and information that are not included in the source.
  3. Citing a source for a proposition that it does not support.
  4. Citing a source in a bibliography when the source was neither consulted nor cited in the body of the paper.
  5. Intentionally distorting the meaning or applicability of data.
  6. Inventing data or statistical results to support conclusions.


Note de la BPC : Le Centre de PhD Univ. Bordeaux 4 et la BPC se bornent à souscrire à la déclaration indépendamment de son aspect comminatoire inapplicable en France.